发表于 2012-12-5 01:58:18
绝学无忧 发表于 2011-9-4 11:56
Knowledge and Belief
The conflict between the religion and Western science is exemplified by the debate over the theories of Copernicus (1473-1543) and Galileo (1564-1642) concerning the movement of the earth around the sun. The popular view is that the church regarded the Copernican-Galilean picture of the cosmos as a threat to the biblical conception of the earth as the unmoving centre of the universe and that from then on the quest for knowledge of nature was as loggerheads with the demands of faith. Eventually, the explanatory power and pragmatic successes of science overwhelmed the teaching of the church, and the scientific view prevailed.
According to the interpretation of events, the ideal of reason and knowledge triumphed over mere belief. In recent years, however helped along by an influx of oriental teachings, both the knowledge component of religion and the belief of science have emerged more clearly.
Psychologists, for example now generally recognize the great mystics understood aspects of human nature that have eluded the vision of modern science. As a result, the whole idea of states of consciousness is becoming an increasingly important subject of research among Western psychologists. The emphasis of inquiry is shifting away from pathological or hallucinatory states toward the study of states of consciousness characterized by increased general intelligence, moral power, and freedom from egoistic emotion.
In the light of these studies, “normal” consciousness appears limited. Such a perspective is truly revolutionary, for a person’s ability to perceive and explain its self understood to be relative to his or her states. This challenges the orthodox scientific conception of reality much more decisively than any arguments from literal interpretations of the Bible. The point is that only by passionately embracing an inferior state of consciousness could mankind have arrived its present dangerous predicament.
The Random House Encyclopedia